Letter from the Chair of the Security Council Committee concerning Somalia and Eritrea addressed to the President of the Security Council

.......Eritrea forged a new strategic military relationship with Saudi Arabia and the United Arab Emirates that involved allowing the Arab coalition to use Eritrean land, airspace and territorial waters in its anti-Houthi military campaign in

…….Eritrea forged a new strategic military relationship with Saudi Arabia and the United Arab Emirates that involved allowing the Arab coalition to use Eritrean land, airspace and territorial waters in its anti-Houthi military campaign in Yemen. The Monitoring Group understands that, as part of the arrangement, Eritrea has received compensation from the two countries, including monetary compensation and fuel supplies. Any compensation diverted directly or indirectly towards activities that threaten peace and security in the region or for the benefit of the Eritrean military would constitute a violation of resolution 1907 (2009). Moreover, the Group has received credible information that Eritrean soldiers are embedded with the United Arab Emirates contingent of the forces fighting on Yemeni soil. If confirmed, this would constitute a clear violation of that resolution.

Summary 

Throughout its mandate, the Monitoring Group on Somalia and Eritrea kept the Government of Eritrea fully informed of its lines of investigation and sought to include its views and input in the report, based on their substantial value and as they related to the mandate. Its repeated requests notwithstanding, the Group was not permitted to visit Eritrea during its mandate and did not obtain the Government’s full cooperation, contrary to Security Council resolution 2182 (2014).

During the mandate, Eritrea forged a new strategic military relationship with Saudi Arabia and the United Arab Emirates that involved allowing the Arab coalition to use Eritrean land, airspace and territorial waters in its anti-Houthi military campaign in Yemen. The Monitoring Group understands that, as part of the arrangement, Eritrea has received compensation from the two countries, including monetary compensation and fuel supplies. Any compensation diverted directly or indirectly towards activities that threaten peace and security in the region or for the benefit of the Eritrean military would constitute a violation of resolution 1907 (2009). Moreover, the Group has received credible information that Eritrean soldiers are embedded with the United Arab Emirates contingent of the forces fighting on Yemeni soil. If confirmed, this would constitute a clear violation of that resolution.

The Monitoring Group investigated a consignment by the Red Sea Corporation aboard the Shaker 1. The vessel docked at the Eritrean port of Massawa in January 2015 after leaving Port Sudan with weapons en route to an arms exhibition in the United Arab Emirates. The Group has in the past documented the role of the Corporation in trafficking weapons from the eastern Sudan to Eritrea, as well as its practice of mislabelling containers in order to conceal their true content from detection. While the Group found no violation of the arms embargo, it did find inconsistencies in the information that it uncovered about the stop in Massawa and noted patterns consistent with the Corporation’s established modus operandi.

The Monitoring Group found no evidence that Eritrea was supporting
Al-Shabaab. It did, however, find that Eritrea was continuing to support and harbour some regional armed groups, including a newly formed unified front of armed Ethiopian opposition groups, the Tigray People’s Democratic Movement (TPDM) and the military leader of Ginbot Sebat.

TPDM remains the most significant armed Ethiopian group being trained, financed and hosted inside Eritrea. The Monitoring Group understands that a contingent of TPDM fighters is stationed in the western region of Eritrea, near the Sudanese border, as well as in and around Massawa. Moreover, TPDM has joined the newly formed unified front of armed Ethiopian opposition groups. In September 2015, it witnessed its highest-level defection to date when its Chair, Mola Asgedom, escaped to Ethiopia following political disagreements with the leader of the unified front. The Group is continuing to ascertain the significance of the defection.

The Monitoring Group understands that Eritrea continues to maintain an informal economy controlled by the People’s Front for Democracy and Justice (PFDJ) involving hard currency transactions through an obscure, non-transparent network of business entities that are owned by the State and managed by senior officials of the Government, PFDJ and the military, just as most companies in Eritrea.

The lack of financial transparency continues to create structural difficulties and limits the Monitoring Group’s ability to assess the country’s compliance with resolution 1907 (2009). The Group is especially concerned at the overall lack of public financial transparency at a time when international and multinational organizations are pledging monetary aid to the Government.

The Monitoring Group has received testimony from multiple sources in the Eritrean diaspora and host country authorities that the Government continues to impose extraterritorial taxation requirements on Eritrean citizens living abroad. It appears that citizens are now advised to submit payment directly to Asmara. As previously found, a refusal to pay the tax often results in a denial of the services offered at consulates and embassies.

The Monitoring Group notes that the Government continues to maintain a complete lack of transparency with regard to mining revenue. The Group has closely monitored a court case filed in Canada over the alleged use of forced labour and inhumane treatment at the Bisha mine in Eritrea, which is operated by a Canadian company, Nevsun Resources Limited. According to the complaint, the Government forced conscripts to provide labour to the following government contractors: Segen, owned by PFDJ, and Mereb, owned by the Eritrean military. The Group found that Nevsun had hired Segen and Mereb to provide labour in an arrangement where they paid workers far less than the amount that they were charging Nevsun for the labour. It is suspected that the difference is being withheld by Segen and Mereb, and thus, by extension, by the Eritrean military and Government.

The Monitoring Group continues to note the lack of any progress on article 3, concerning prisoners of war, of the Comprehensive Agreement, signed on 6 June 2010 by Djibouti and Eritrea under the auspices of the Government of Qatar. During its mandate, the Group was informed of an incident involving the kidnapping of a soldier from Djibouti in the territory separating Djibouti and Eritrea in July 2014. Moreover, the Government of Djibouti provided the Group with a list of names of Eritrean prisoners that it claims to be holding, as well as prisoners of war from Djibouti whom it claims are missing in action as a result of the border clashes of
10 to 12 June 2008 between the two countries. The Government of Eritrea has yet to acknowledge that it holds combatants from Djibouti or to provide any information on their current condition.

To read the 93 Pages Long Document Click Here:Letter dated 9 October 2015 from the Chair of the Security Council Committee  concerning Somalia and Eritrea addressed to the President of the Security Council 

 

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8 COMMENTS
  • Hiney October 23, 2015

    Eritrea is becoming hostile nation on the region, this is very dangerous for the future of Eritrean people. specially messing with the Arab politics. that will be historical mistake that destroy Eritrea. we have to act fast!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!

  • Tes October 23, 2015

    The Monitoring Group on Somalia and Eritrea has doing great job by exposing the government of Eritrea wicked character. Isseyas threat Eritrea and Eritreans as his private property. He can sale them for money and send them to war. He can do any thing under the sun without hesitation. Suadi & Emirates used Eritrea as a launching pad to their war and paid money for their service to the dictator. No that only to get more money he sent innocent Eritreans to fight along invaders. Isseyas could sell the entire country if he got a buyer. It is really sad affair to see a promising country to fall in to the hand of monster and the tormentor is so clever to outmaneuver the people. Thanks to MGS&E for keep tie-ting the rope of PFDJ. Hope the sanction will last longer than the life of Isseyas. It is really good news.

  • Wedi Barkay October 23, 2015

    This is another ridiculous report that harm our people and weaken our country. The west is behind all those problems, western companies exploit our resources, western governments want to fund DIA by millions, and …etc. The actual solution is very clear, that, the west should fund Eritrean neighbors to form strong united Eritrean opposition that can replace HGDF. We don’t want sanctions but regime change.
    Peace to our sweet home!

    • Semira October 24, 2015

      Wedi Barkay,
      You are confused, do not blame the west, you should blame yourself for letting the tyrant destroying our country Eritrea.
      We should all support sanctions by the UN.
      We should thank the west for supporting sanctions.
      Our common enemies are the tyrant Isayas and his blind followers HIGDEF.
      The west is demanding the release of their two employs that are in jailed by the dictator. We demand the release of all our political prisoners. Suction will remain in forced till the release of all prisoners.
      We must get read the tyrant Isayas by any means.

      • AHMED SALEH October 24, 2015

        Semira
        Sanction in one hand , signing contract in Eritrean resources
        worth close billion dollars in the other hand . We lost the
        way of their track direction to follow our anticipated journey.
        At the end , the lives of people inside Eritrea got hit hard
        to feel it’s outcome . Both ways innocent people directed to
        face hardship at their political confrontation . I don’t see
        a winner but game play as usual as always had been in UN .
        We are the only expected forces to heal the wounds of our people
        in general to save the country . No United Nations not else will
        do the job for our cause .

  • Gura October 23, 2015

    This is what one expects from a shifta regime that has long accepted to become the number-one slave or Abeed of the Wahibst Saudi Arabia, Egypt and the moneyed Gulf states.
    Like most slaves or Abeed of the Arabs of Saudi Arabia, Qatar and Kuwait, Issaias will do anything to sell not only anything Eritrean but also do nothing to young Eritreans while Eritreans are sold to slavery, raped, tortured, organ harvested or beheaded in Arab gulags, Bedouin camps, police stations or ISIS hells.
    Like most people who chose to become Abeed or Akhdams of Arabs, Issaias does not care about anything Eritrean, except his survival and the elongation of his time in power.

  • BELAY October 24, 2015

    This sanction does not sanction Isaias enough It does not go far enough to control the revenue from minerals. It does not ivestigate the money in the Swiss bank and freeze if appropriate. It just diminishes his purchasing ability of military weapons. We, Eritreans, have a lot of work to do to get rid of Isaias and his supporters.

  • koreri October 25, 2015

    The mafia regime leader Isayas is happy and ready to do any thing that he thinks, will help him to strengthen his military capacity for fighting against Ethiopia,Djibouti and other countries around.And create chaos among the Eritreans so,that he can stay on power with out any problem.

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